Hazardous / Dangerous Goods
Hazardous goods are materials described as solids, liquids or gases that contain hazardous properties which present harm or hazard to the health and safety of people, other living organisms, property, and the environment.
These substances such as chemicals, mixtures of substances, manufactured products or articles require handling and transportation in a controlled nature.
It is very important to classify, pack and mark your dangerous goods correctly in order to adhere to the rules set out to ensure safe transportation.
A Dangerous Goods Declaration is required for all classes of dangerous goods. This is a document raised by a consignor or shipper to certify that the dangerous goods being transported have been packaged, labelled, and declared in accordance with the standard international shipping regulations.
There are nine classes of hazardous goods
CLASS 1 EXPLOSIVES
These goods can produce hazardous amounts of heat, light, sound, gas, or smoke.
Examples include ammunitions, fireworks, air bag inflators and fuse, etc.
CLASS 2 GASES
Gases pose serious hazards due to their flammability, potential as asphyxiants, ability to oxidize and/or their toxicity or corrosiveness to humans.
CLASS 3 FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS
Flammable liquids are volatile and can give off a flammable vapor.
Examples include acetone, adhesives, paints, gasoline, perfume, ethanol, methanol and some pesticides with flammable solvents.
CLASS 4 FLAMMABLE SOLIDS
Flammable solids are highly combustible and can even cause fire through friction. They are capable of inflicting serious damage.
Examples include sulphur, matches, activated carbon, alkali metals and some metal powders.
CLASS 5 OXIDIZING SUBSTANCES
Substances which can yield oxygen are classified as dangerous goods because, although not necessarily combustible, they can contribute to the combustion of other hazardous substances.
Examples include hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, sodium nitrite, ammonium nitrate fertilizers and oxygen generators.
CLASS 6 TOXIC AND INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES
Toxic substances are classified for being able to cause serious injury or death to humans if swallowed, inhaled, or by contact with skin.
Infectious substances are classified for containing pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, parasites, or other agents which can cause disease in humans or animals upon contact.
Examples include goods include cyanides, lead compounds, phenol, cresols, some pesticides, biological samples and clinical wastes.
CLASS 7 RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL
Radioactive materials are defined as any substance which contains atoms that are subject to radioactive decay and can emit potentially harmful ionizing radiation.
Examples include enriched uranium, radioactive ores, isotopes and some medical equipment’s or parts.
CLASS 8 CORROSIVES
Corrosive substances react chemically to damage or destroy material such as living tissue upon contact.
Examples include acids such as sulfuric acid, strong bases such as sodium hydroxide, batteries and its fluids.
CLASS 9 MISCELLANEOUS DANGEROUS GOODS
Miscellaneous dangerous goods are substance which present a danger not covered by other classes. This class includes environmentally hazardous substances, elevated temperature substances, and GMMOs or GMOs.
Examples include marine pollutants such as zinc oxide, lithium ion batteries, genetically modified organisms, air bag modules and motor engines.